Colon cancer - one of the most common malignant tumours is colon cancer.
In our country, the number of deaths from colon cancer is around 8-10 thousand every year. There are no specific symptoms, but changes in bowel movements (alternating diarrhoea and constipation), bloody stools, abdominal pain, bloating, increased gas production, weight loss, anaemia may be characteristic.
Most colorectal tumours develop from small polyps, on average over 10-15 years. This is why the role of screening is so important, to detect precancerous conditions early and treat them in a simple way. Everyone over the age of 50 is recommended to have a colonoscopyto carry out. If the test is completely negative, the individual can be reassured for 10 years that they will not develop colon cancer.
Predisposing factors include obesity, consumption of fatty, low-fibre foods, a sedentary lifestyle, the presence of inflammatory bowel disease, and certain hereditary syndromes.