Diseases of the rectum - the most important diseases of the rectum are inflammations of the rectum, tumours and anomalies of the anus (haemorrhoids, abscesses).
Inflammatory diseases are most often caused by infections (intestinal infections, sexually transmitted pathogens) and inflammatory colondiseases (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease).
Of the cancers of major importance are colorectal cancer, which is one of the most common malignancies. It is significant because a large proportion of them are located at fingertip height, so they could be detected early during regular medical screening.
However, one of the reasons for the high prevalence is patients' carelessness and shyness, which means that even when they complain, they do not always present themselves for medical examination.