Rectal examination

Rectal examination - one of the simplest and most common screening tests for the rectum is the finger rectal examination (digital rectal examination).

The patient is in a forward leaning, knee-elbow or side-lying position. During the examination, the doctor looks at the anusand its surroundings, and then, using a rubber glove smeared with lubricant, gently reach up through the anus rectumbe.

The test finger can then be used to scan 360 degrees around the rectum. In doing so, not only the rectummucosal growths, internal haemorrhoids, anusThe size and consistency of the prostate gland in men, and possible sensitivity of the vagina and uterine cavity in women.

In both sexes, the areas around the rectum can also be palpated (tenderness, inflammation, signs of abscess formation).

A rectumand anusfibre-optic instruments (refractoscope, anoscope) are also used to examine the The examination should be performed after defecation and after a cleansing enema.

Rectoscope with the anusa section of about 20-25 cm from the anus can be assessed, while the anoscope can be used to smooth out the folds of the anus, so that fissures and haemorrhoidal lesions can be better observed.
Functional tests (pressure measurement, video recording) can also be carried out in specialised centres in case of bowel leakage complaints or pain.

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