Pancreas - the pancreas contains two types of glandular tissue: the outer secretory glands produce digestive enzymes, and the inner secretory glands, which are islands within the pancreas, produce hormones.

The endocrine glands secrete digestive enzymes into the rat intestine, the endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream.

The digestive enzymes (e.g. amylase, lipase, trypsin) are secreted by the cells of the acini and pancreas-are fed into the pipeline.

From here, the Oddi sphincter is passed into the horseshoe pancreasnedv. Amylase digests carbohydrates, lipase digests fats and trypsin digests proteins.

It also excretes large amounts of sodium bicarbonate, which makes the horseshoe cage and the alkaline chemistry pancreasalso protects enzymes from the harmful effects of stomach acid.

It produces three main hormones: insulin, which lowers blood sugar (glucose) levels by increasing sugar uptake by cells, glucagon, which increases blood sugar levels by increasing the liver's sugar release, and somatostatin, which has a general inhibitory effect in the digestive system.