Gastrointestinal examination tools

Stomach examination instruments - fibre-optic instruments (various endoscopes), thin impedance (resistance) measuring instruments are used to examine the stomach.

The patient has to swallow these, which is more unpleasant than painful.

However, with close cooperation with the doctor and specialist assistant and some self-discipline, it does not cause undue stress for patients.

Radiological and isotopic methods are painless procedures in themselves, usually requiring the ingestion of contrast material.